About Sweden

About Sweden

The basics
  • Capital: Stockholm
  • Area: 450,295 km2 (173,860 sq mi)
  • Population: 10,019,400
  • Population in major cities (including suburbs): Stockholm: 2,123,300. Gothenburg: 928,600. Malmö: 656,400
  • Life expectancy: Men 79.8 years, women 83.5 years
  • Religion: The Church of Sweden is Evangelical Lutheran. There are also many other religions and denominations
  • Official Language: Swedish
  • National Day: 6 June
  • Government: Constitutional monarchy, with parliamentary democracy
  • Legislature: The Riksdag, with 349 members in a single chamber
  • GDP (PPP): $498.130 billion (Total), $49,678 (Per capita)
  • GDP (Nominal): $517.440 billion (Total), $51,603 (Per capita)
  • Education: Nine years of compulsory schooling, but most pupils continue to the three-year upper secondary school. Around one-third go on to higher education at universities and colleges throughout Sweden
  • Working hours: Standard work week is 40 hours, minimum paid vacation is 5 weeks
  • Labour force participation: Men: 68.6 per cent. Women: 63.7 per cent
  • Currency: Swedish krona (SEK)
  • Time Zone: CET (UTC+1), Summer CEST (UTC+2)
  • Date Format: yyyy-mm-dd
  • Drives on the…: Right
  • Calling Code: +46
  • Internet code: .se
  • Most important export goods: Machinery and transport equipment, chemicals and plastic and rubber products, electronics and telecommunications equipment, energy products, industrial machinery, road vehicles, minerals, foodstuffs 
10 facts about Sweden
  1. Sweden is the world’s number one exporter of chart music in relation to GDP. Between 2001 and 2007 52,100 chart entries around the world came from Sweden.
  2. Sweden has 10 million inhabitants. How many Swedes are there? Well, 23% are younger than 20, and 17% were born in another country.
  3. Swedish Parents are entitled to 480 days of paid parental leave of those, 90 days are reserved for the dad. In 2014, dads took 25% of the total parental leave.
  4. Renewable sources account for 52% of the Swedish energy production, of this almost 95% comes from hydropower.
  5. Every month 993,000 kg of food waste is gathered by the city of Stockholm. The waste is turned into 115,000 m3 of gas, which buses and taxis use as fuel.
  6. The Swedish three-point seatbelt is claimed to have saved 1 million lives. It was launched in 1959 by Volvo, and this invention is found in 1 billion vehicles.
  7. There are 95,700 lakes in Sweden larger than 100 m x 100 m, that equals 9% of Sweden’s total area. Some have funny names, such as ‘Lördagsträsk’ meaning Saturday swamp.
  8. Sweden is 1,574 km long, which leads to extreme weather variations. Lowest/highest temperatures: -53°C in the far north (February) and +38°C in the south (June).
  9. Have you ever tried a ‘Semla’? 500 kcal of a delicious, cream-filled bun. Every year 20 million semlas are consumed in Sweden, that equals a mind-boggling 10 billion kilocalories of national indulgence.
  10. The average Swede works 1,644 hours per year. The OECD average is 1,776 hours, still, Sweden ranks 6th in the global competitiveness index.
Useful websites

www.sweden.se – The official site of Sweden. Discover the facts and stories of our country.

www.informationsverige.se – Contains information about the Swedish society and is run by the County Administrative Boards of Sweden.

www.visitsweden.com – Sweden’s official website for tourism and travel information.

www.si.se – The Swedish Institute, works to promote Sweden and Swedish issues globally.

www.government.se – The official websites of the Government and the Government Offices.

www.tullverket.se – Swedish Customs website.